It creates smog and acid rain, causes cancer and respiratory diseases, reduces the ozone layer atmosphere and contributes to global warming. Air is critical for our existence. The European Union would save 161 billion euros a year if deaths caused by air pollution were diminished. Fossil fuels include coal or other petroleum products. Smoke emitting from vehicles like buses, trucks, jeeps, cars, trains, airplanes etc. © Copyright 2019-2020 Earth and Human. This limits the use of fossil fuels to produce elec… The effects of air pollution on humans are quite severe. All Rights Reserved. For instance, CFL lights use a lot less electricity and also last much longer. Air pollution affects kids more than adults due to higher concentrations of polluted air in their systems per body size. India is the country with the worst air quality in the world. However, these wastes are bound to end up in a landfill and impact the overall pollution generated. Here are the causes and effects on pollution. Here are the causes and effects on pollution. Excessive air pollution can cause an imbalance in our ecosystem itself. Natural sources and Artificial sources Natural sources of pollution are those that are caused due to natural phenomena. Consequences of Air Pollution •CO 2 is a good transmitter of sunlight, but it also partially restricts infrared radiation going back from the earth into space, which produces the so-called greenhouse effect that prevents a drastic cooling of the Earth during the night … It includes dust and mold. Causes air pollution. This 2016 study describes how some emissions generated from farms and ranches are more significant than the combined emission from other man-made sources. Carbon mon… What causes air pollution? To begin with, here are a few things you can do to help minimize air pollution: As we’ve learned about the effects of exhaust fumes on air quality, the best thing we can do is limit our vehicle usage. Thus, it is necessary to understand the impact this pollution is creating on us as well as the environment. Ammonia is one of the most hazardous gases present in our atmosphere. We are in danger of losing many rare species of wildlife due to their inability to acclimatize to these changes. It causes depletion of the ozone layer and allows ultraviolet radiation to reach the earth. Similarly, growing commercialization has caused an increase in the number of construction sites. It increases the percentage of the carbon-dioxide and makes breathing difficult. Heavy air pollution can disrupt many wildlife habitats. However, there are some natural processes that also, add to this. Chemicals and toxic pollutants likes sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide react with water molecules in the atmosphere to produce acid rain. Artificial sources are those which are created by man. One of the main effects of air pollution is speeding up global warming. When these fuels are burned, there is a combustion effect that pollutes the environment. Now we know what air pollution is and the contaminants present in the polluted air. Oceans absorb carbon dioxide from the … Global warming can also leave us more vulnerable to natural disasters. The poor air quality, as well as acid rains, can destroy the sustenance of many species. Burning of solid fuel in fireplaces and wood stoves generates these gases. And in an especially destructive feedback loop, air pollution not only contributes to climate change but is also exacerbated by it. But this is not the only thing we should be worried about. If we so choose, we can now be influential in solving this air crisis. It is important to play your part to make the environment less polluted, and here are some steps to consider: 1. Manufacturing industries can be found at every corner of the earth and there is no area that has not been affected by it. The primary source of air pollution in various human activities. The first type has impurities with a diameter of fewer than 10 micrometers and is generally inhalable. Environmental Impacts. Instead of individual cars, we can make it a habit to use more buses and trains to reduce our carbon footprint. In general, the industrial sector and different means of transport are primarily responsible for producing significant quantities of these fuels. The following are some of the primary causes and effects of air pollution in our world. It is the addition of another form of any substance or form of energy to the environment at a rate faster than the environment can accommodate it by dispersion, breakdown, recycling, or storage in some harmless … Air pollution threatens the health of humans and other living beings in our planet. Introduction: Air pollution is the occurrence or addition of foreign particles, gases, and other pollutants into the air which have an adverse effect on human beings, animals, vegetation, buildings, etc. This pollution can include carbon monoxide, organic wastes, chemicals, and hydrocarbons. You can find the greener version of nearly every appliance from solar lighting to motion detectors, even water heaters! Take steps to conserve energy and do not leave lights and fans on all the time. You can also see this growth in lakes and ponds. This polluted air is also linked with lung cancer, as well as Alzheimer’s and dementia. The bigger culprit for this air pollution is human interference. Carbon dioxide contributes to air pollution in its role in the greenhouse effect. Clean energy has proved that it is much more than just a passing trend. This atmospheric layer prevents the earth from cooling at night. The heat trapped then causes a rise in temperatures all around the world. Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, odorless, colorless gas that is formed when burning fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum and natural gas. Volcanoes, dust storms, and forest fires are causes of natural air pollution. Only then we can save our envi… The constant excavations and demolitions can be responsible for adding a lot of unwanted dust and pollution to our air. This polluted air is also linked with lung cancer, as well as Alzheimer’s and dementia. Make use of public modes of transportation to limit the release of smoke and harmful chemicals. It causes breathing problems and aggravates existing health conditions such as emphysema and asthma. EarthandHuman.org is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon(.com, .co.uk, .ca etc) and any other website that may be affiliated with Amazon Service LLC Associates Program. Burning of fossil fuels like coal, petroleum and other factory combustibles is one major cause of air pollution, also vehicles like cars, trains and airplanes cause a big amount of air pollution. For instance, running of millions of vehicles on the road emit very harmful substances in the environment which pollute the air. Many household cleaning products can emit harmful chemicals into the air. With solar, wind, and geothermal energy on the rise, switching to clean energy has never been easier. The primary contributors to this emission are vehicles. Another source of air pollution is from dust and dirt that goes airborne due to every day labor in the agricultural and construction industry. Chemicals such as pesticides, insecticides, and fertilizers used while farming can also contribute to air pollution. Ex: Volcanic eruptions, Forest fires, Biological decay, Pollen grains, Marshes, Radioactive materials. Most air pollution comes from energy use and production, says John Walke, director of the Clean Air Project, part of the Climate and Clean Air program at NRDC. 4. At the same time, we cannot ignore the pollution spread by aerosols and industries in the air. These toxic gases can contribute to nearly 50% of the mercury, 62% of the arsenic, 60% of sulfur dioxide, and 13% of the nitrogen oxide present in our air. In large cities, over 80% of fatal pollutants that cause lung damage come from cars, buses, motorcycles and other vehicles on the road. Pollution is the contamination of the environment by introduction of contaminants that can cause damage to environment and harm or discomfort to humans or other living species. According to EPA, the most common culprits of air pollution are nitrogen oxides, ammonia, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds. 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