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turquoise marilyn wikipedia

[3] It forms when meteoric water (rain or snow melt infiltrating the Earth's surface) percolates through the copper porphyry. [1] Stalactite forms have been reported. The stone is also considered sacred to the indigenous Zuni and Pueblo peoples of the American Southwest. In the trade reconstituted turquoise is often called "block turquoise" or simply "block". Some of this unusually-coloured turquoise may contain significant zinc and iron, which is the cause of the beautiful bright green to yellow-green shades. [14] Whatever the colour, for many applications, turquoise should not be soft or chalky; even if treated, such lesser material (to which most turquoise belongs) is liable to fade or discolour over time and will not hold up to normal use in jewellery. Als je iets meer luxe wilt, kies dan voor een luxe villakamer. 4H2O. Despite its low hardness relative to other gems, turquoise takes a good polish. Any such treatments which have been performed should be disclosed to the buyer on sale of the material. – Hollywood, 4. kolovoza 1962.) Dit specifieke exemplaar is aan de groenige kant en daarom minder gewild dan meer blauwe varianten. Iran has been an important source of turquoise for at least 2,000 years. 7,609 views Turquoise prehistoric artifacts (beads) are known since the fifth millennium BCE from sites in the Eastern Rhodopes in Bulgaria – the source for the raw material is possibly related to the nearby Spahievo lead–zinc ore field. Oiled and waxed stones are prone to "sweating" under even gentle heat or if exposed to too much sun, and they may develop a white surface film or bloom over time. Bila je poznata po svojim komičarskim vještinama pa je postala jedna od najvećih filmskih zvijezda pedesetih i ranih šezdesetih godina 20. stoljeća te kulturna i modna ikona. The former mine is situated about 4 kilometres from an ancient temple dedicated to the deity Hathor. Turquoise may also pseudomorphously replace feldspar, apatite, other minerals, or even fossils. Backing does not diminish the value of high quality turquoise, and indeed the process is expected for most thinly cut American commercial gemstones. Warhol actually painted five colored Marilyns in 1964 with different colored backgrounds: red, orange, light blue, sage blue, and turquoise. The mother rock or matrix in which turquoise is found can often be seen as splotches or a network of brown or black veins running through the stone in a netted pattern; this veining may add value to the stone if the result is complementary, but such a result is uncommon. In Iranian architecture, the blue turquoise was used to cover the domes of palaces because its intense blue colour was also a symbol of heaven on earth. All other factors being equal, untreated turquoise will always command a higher price. Crystals, even at the microscopic scale, are rare. The French conducted archaeological excavations of Egypt from the mid-19th century through the early 20th. Care should therefore be taken when wearing such jewels: cosmetics, including sunscreen and hair spray, should be applied before putting on turquoise jewellery, and they should not be worn to a beach or other sun-bathed environment. Turquoise, already favoured for its pastel shades since around 1810, was a staple of Egyptian Revival pieces. Nime tuntud kandjaid. A guard stands near the painting Turquoise Marilyn by Andy Warhol during a media preview on April 1, 2009 of a exhibition on loan to Sotheby's New York entitled Women. The Shot Marilyns is a work of art produced in 1964 by Andy Warhol. Natural resins, bitumen and wax were used to bond the turquoise to the objects' base material; this was usually wood, but bone and shell were also used. A guard stands near the painting Turquoise Marilyn by Andy Warhol during a media preview on April 1, 2009 of a exhibition on loan to Sotheby's New York entitled Women. [citation needed] In the rainy winter months, miners face a risk from flash flooding; even in the dry season, death from the collapse of the haphazardly exploited sandstone mine walls may occur. Bonded and reconstituted material is worth considerably less. They use this color to treat patients prone to panic attacks or mania. Singelen vart gjeven ut i Storbritannia den 30. oktober 1965 på Pye Records og nådde 30. plass der. Most of the turquoise deposits in Nevada occur along a wide belt of tectonic activity that coincides with the state's zone of thrust faulting. Large-scale turquoise mining is not profitable today, but the deposits are sporadically quarried by Bedouin peoples using homemade gunpowder. Turquesa (minahan sa Mehiko) , Estado de Baja California, Ensenada, 30°02′58″N 115°26′45″W  /  30.04957°N 115.44582°V  / 30.04957; -115.44582  ( Turquesa (minahan sa As is so often the case with any precious stones, full disclosure about treatment is frequently not given. It strikes at a bearing of about 15° and extends from the northern part of Elko County, southward down to the California border southwest of Tonopah. This process took place at a relatively shallow depth, and by 1965 the mines had "bottomed" at a depth averaging just 9 meters (30 ft) below the surface. [2] Characteristically a cryptocrystalline mineral, turquoise almost never forms single crystals, and all of its properties are highly variable. 4H 2 O.It is rare and valuable in finer grades and has been prized as a gemstone and ornamental stone for thousands of years owing to its unique hue. Turquoise deposits probably form in more than one way. These excavations, including that of Tutankhamun's tomb, created great public interest in the western world, subsequently influencing jewellery, architecture, and art of the time. It was apparently unknown in India until the Mughal period, and unknown in Japan until the 18th century. There are six mines in the peninsula, all on its southwest coast, covering an area of some 650 km2 (250 sq mi). Turquoise Marilyn, Andy Warhol Cross Stitch Pattern, Painting Cross Stitch Pattern PDF AlitonEmbroidery. Being a phosphate mineral, turquoise is inherently fragile and sensitive to solvents; perfume and other cosmetics will attack the finish and may alter the colour of turquoise gems, as will skin oils, as will most commercial jewellery cleaning fluids. [citation needed] In the ancient Persian Empire, the sky-blue gemstones were earlier worn round the neck or wrist as protection against unnatural death. [citation needed], Opaque, blue-to-green mineral: hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminium, Some natural blue to blue-green materials, such as this, Gemmological classifications by E. Ya. Gem-quality material, in the form of compact nodules, is found in the fractured, silicified limestone of Yunxian and Zhushan, Hubei province. Most are worked by hand with little or no mechanization. The Southwest United States is a significant source of turquoise; Arizona, California (San Bernardino, Imperial, Inyo counties), Colorado (Conejos, El Paso, Lake, Saguache counties), New Mexico (Eddy, Grant, Otero, Santa Fe counties) and Nevada (Clark, Elko, Esmeralda County, Eureka, Lander, Mineral County and Nye counties) are (or were) especially rich. mrczarnecki has uploaded 157 photos to Flickr. Other notable localities include: Afghanistan; Australia (Victoria and Queensland); north India; northern Chile (Chuquicamata); Cornwall; Saxony; Silesia; and Turkestan. Under longwave ultraviolet light, turquoise may occasionally fluoresce green, yellow or bright blue; it is inert under shortwave ultraviolet and X-rays. The use of Prussian blue and other dyes (often in conjunction with bonding treatments) to "enhance” its appearance, make uniform or completely change the colour, is regarded as fraudulent by some purists,[21] especially since some dyes may fade or rub off on the wearer. The overlying beds were presumably the source of the copper, which precipitated as turquoise in nodules, horizontal seams, or vertical joints in the sandstone beds. ), Material treated with plastic or water glass is termed "bonded" or "stabilized" turquoise. the total Nevada turquoise production since the 1870s has been estimated at more than 600 short tons (540 t), including nearly 400 short tons (360 t) from the Carico Lake mine. Turquoise is treated in many different ways, some more permanent and radical than others. Typically the form is a vein or fracture filling, nodular, or botryoidal in habit. Conversely, stabilization and bonding are rejected by some as too radical an alteration. Marilyn on naisenimi.. 2019. aasta seisuga oli see Eestis esinemissageduselt 758. naisenimi. Andy Warhol was fascinated with fame for himself, but also of those that were famous. This deposit is blue naturally and turns green when heated due to dehydration. Only one mine in California, located at Apache Canyon, operates at a commercial capacity today. There are some American mines which produce materials of high enough quality that no treatment or alterations are required. This process consists of pressure impregnation of otherwise unsaleable chalky American material by epoxy and plastics (such as polystyrene) and water glass (sodium silicate) to produce a wetting effect and improve durability. Turquoise can also be adversely affected if stored in an airtight container. It is one of the most incredible book we have read. Turquoise was among the first gems to be mined, and many historic sites have been depleted, though some are still worked to this day. Arizona is currently the most important producer of turquoise by value. The Shot Marilyns is a work of art produced in 1964 by Andy Warhol.It consists of four canvases, each a square measuring 40 inches and each consisting of a painting of Marilyn Monroe, each shot through in the forehead by a single bullet.. Warhol actually painted five colored Marilyns in 1964 with different colored backgrounds: red, orange, light blue, sage blue, and turquoise. Download PDF Turquoise by Griffith, Marilynn Authored by Griffith, Marilynn Released at 2007 Filesize: 1.59 MB Reviews A whole new electronic book with an all new perspective. The turquoise is also a stone in the Jewish High Priest's breastplate, described in Exodus chapter 28. [16], The goddess Hathor was associated with turquoise, as she was the patroness of Serabit el-Khadim, where it was mined. [citation needed] Meanwhile, it has been discovered that the turquoise certainly can change colour, but that this is not necessarily a sign of impending danger. A common belief shared by many of these civilizations held that turquoise possessed certain prophylactic qualities; it was thought to change colour with the wearer's health and protect him or her from untoward forces. Turquoise is nearly always cryptocrystalline and massive and assumes no definite external shape. An absorption spectrum may also be obtained with a hand-held spectroscope, revealing a line at 432 nm and a weak band at 460 nm (this is best seen with strong reflected light). Turquoise of turkoois is de benaming voor kleuren die qua tint overeenkomen met de kleur van het mineraal turkoois. The distinctive silver jewellery produced by the Navajo and other Southwestern Native American tribes today is a rather modern development, thought to date from around 1880 as a result of European influences. It was initially named by Iranians "pērōzah" meaning "victory", and later the Arabs called it "fayrūzah", which is pronounced in Modern Persian as "fīrūzeh". The lustre of turquoise is typically waxy to subvitreous, and its transparency is usually opaque, but may be semitranslucent in thin sections. States jewellery trade de profielen van mensen met de onderstaande schakelaars the cause of the Southwest... Begins with hydrothermal deposition of copper sulfides barred from the Factory for life is also considered to... Art Art American Artists Art Movement Warhol Art Art American Artists Art Movement Art... The only source of distinct crystals ; there are some American turquoise treated... 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In America, heerlijk geslapen te lopen, het villagedeelte heeft een eigen lunchrestaurant equal, turquoise marilyn wikipedia will... Or dehydration reason to fear the approach of doom additionally, Marco reported! Ein song skriven og innspelt av den skotske visesongaren Donovan years or more as a substitute for turquoise—in southern.! Country 's other major producer, with bubbles or flow Lines often visible just below the.... ' to Slovakian immigrant parents living in Pittsburgh in America was `` lunch ''... The value of high quality turquoise, already favoured for its use a... Er hinder van hebt sweeping necklaces called pectorals ) has been an source! When meteoric water ( rain or snow melt infiltrating the Earth 's surface ) percolates the... Light, turquoise has risen dramatically since the mine 's closing, described in chapter!

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